2019 Testing Results
Breeders’ Cup completed an unprecedented out of competition pre- and post-race testing program at the 2019 Breeders’ Cup World Championships at Santa Anita Park on November 1-2, which included the testing of 252 horses. Within the 252 samples collected, 10% also had hair follicle testing performed, pairing blood and hair and an additional 10% also were tested for bisphosphonates.
Out of competition testing began in June with all Breeders’ Cup Challenge winners and other targeted possible starters in both North America and international and continued right up until the Championships at Santa Anita Park.
Breeders’ Cup engaged an OOC testing coordinator, Dr. William Farmer, who worked with regulatory associations and with testing laboratories around the world, including the British Horse Racing Authority’s Lab LGC, France Galop’s official Lab LCH and the Kenneth L. Maddy Equine Analytical Chemistry Laboratory at the University of California-Davis. All three labs are certified by the International Federation of Horseracing Authorities. The executive council of the IFHA has also specifically endorsed the testing protocols of the Breeders’ Cup.
Through pre-race testing, 100% of North American individual trainers had a representative horse sampled. A total of 80 trainers including international, representing 92% of the horses entered in the World Championships, had runners pre-tested by the Breeders’ Cup with 26% of trainers having a horse tested more than once.
Breeders’ Cup, in conducting its own out of competition testing, had access to all results prior to race day. All post-race samples collected from 2019 Breeders’ Cup horses were cleared by the Maddy Laboratory as was reported by the California Horse Racing Board. All horses competing in Breeders’ Cup races also underwent pre-race testing for total carbon dioxide (TCO2) levels in blood. The Maddy Laboratory then conducted post-race testing of both blood and urine samples for prohibited drugs, including cobalt, collected from the first four finishers in all Breeders’ Cup races and any additional random horses selected by the stewards consistent with CHRB protocol. The program tested for anabolic steroids, blood doping agents and growth hormones, among others.
Breeders' Cup Safety / Security Protocols
Out-of-competition testing will be performed on all Challenge winners and potential runners throughout the summer and fall and random follow-up testing on smaller samples will be performed within 24 hours of initial testing.
Breeders' Cup Condition of Entry
As a condition of entry for any Breeders’ Cup World Championships race, no horse within six months of the event shall test positive for any anabolic steroid or any other prohibited substance described under the ARCI prohibited substance list. Any horse testing positive for anabolic steroids or other ARCI prohibited substances in a Breeders’ Cup out-of-competition test sample during the six months prior to the event will be ineligible to participate in Breeders’ Cup World Championships.
Dirt and Turf Surface Testing
Testing of dirt and turf surfaces will be performed by Dr. Mick Peterson in conjunction with Santa Anita’s track superintendent throughout the year and during Breeders’ Cup Championship week.
Pre-testing for TCO2 will be performed on all runners.
All runners must be on the grounds and checked in by equine security 72 hours before post time at which point equine security surveillance will begin and will continue 24 hours a day until the horse runs. A three part equine security team consisting of security officers, trained BC investigators and CHRB investigators will monitor all runners and keep security logs on all treatments, visitors and staff associated with the runner.
Comprehensive veterinary exams will be performed all week long on runners, observing horses under tack on the track and in-stall and jogging. Exams will be performed multiple times by a team of impartial, regulatory Breeders’ Cup veterinarians in conjunction with with the CHRB veterinary team. These combined teams will also create and implement an injury management protocol for race days.
Post-race testing will be performed on the first four finishers plus any additional runner selected by the Stewards. The post-race samples will undergo the most rigorous instrumental analysis at a fully accredited lab selected by the California Horse Racing Board. The results will be reconciled against a mass-spectral library of more than 1,500 Substances - inclusive of controlled therapeutic medications, banned substances, and a recently expanded anabolic steroid panel.
No trainer found guilty of a Class 1 (A or B penalties) or Class 2 (A penalties) medication violation in the 12 months preceding the event will be allowed to participate. Any horse under his/her care will not be allowed to pre-enter unless transferred to another trainer of no relation. Any horse that has a Class 1 or 2 medication violation in the 12 months preceding the event will not be allowed to participate.